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Open Access Crisis and Adaptation (1884-1890s)

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Crisis and Adaptation (1884-1890s)

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Chapter Summary

In 1870 the Cultivation System was officially abolished and private enterprise was allowed to operate more freely. The crisis of November 1884 had far reaching consequences for the business world of the Netherlands Indies, and involved some of the largest companies around such as Dorrepaal & Co. Business interests in Amsterdam, together with the NHM and DJB, intervened and prevented a full-fledged collapse of the private economic sector. The post-1870 liberal attitude governing economic policy would constitute the rather loose framework of entrepreneurial conduct until the economic crisis of the 1930s. The economic crisis of 1884 has gone by different names. Two characterizations most commonly encountered are 'Banking Crisis' or 'Sugar Crisis'. The experience of 1884 is illustrated by the vicissitudes of Internatio and the trading company Dorrepaal & Co. Internatio fared relatively well during the crisis and managed to reorganize itself.

Keywords: banking crisis; Cultivation System; Dorrepaal & Co. Business; economic crisis; economic policy; Netherlands Indies; private enterprise; sugar crisis



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