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Le bestiaire en terre cuite : catalogue

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents a catalogue of clay figurines depicting land animals, aquatic animals, and birds. The first species presented in the catalogue is the horse. The skeletal remains of Equus caballus unearthed, mostly in the northeast of the Delta, Sinai and Nubia, lets one assign the introduction of the horse to the Hyksos in Egypt, from the second half of the eighteenth century. Throughout the Second Intermediate Period, indigenous pharaohs were unable to practice horse breeding, the Hyksos reserving the advantages represented by this animal. Other animal terrracotta figurines depicted in the catalogue include dogs, cattle, camels, monkeys, roosters, sheep and goats, cats, pigs, birds, lions, geese, hedgehogs, ducks, pigeons, eagles, snakes, elephants, fishes, crocodiles, mice, frogs, dolphins, and panthers. Each subject is divided into various categories such as the animal's relation to divinity, characterization of animals, its association as a pet animal, and its humane attitude. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: aquatic animals; birds; land animals; terracotta figurines



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