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Tidings from the South Chinese Court Buddhism and Overseas Relations in the Fifth Century CE [37]

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Chapter Summary

Royal patronage has played an extremely important role in the history of Buddhism since its very beginning, the figure of the pious ruler as the protector of the Doctrine and the benefactor of the Order looms large in Buddhist tradition. In China, court Buddhism developed in the last decades of the fourth century CE, some three hundred years after the first recorded existence of Buddhism on Chinese soil. In the course of the fourth century, elite Buddhism in the north and the south each developed their own characteristics. In the general situation of court-sponsored Buddhism in the early fifth century the north predominated. Court Buddhism in the southern empire was still in the course of development, and it was hampered by cultural isolation. The most important and vital centres were to be found at the courts of Yao Xing and Juqu Mengxun.

Keywords: court Buddhism; elite Buddhism; Juqu Mengxun; royal patronage; southern empire; Yao Xing

10.1163/9789004263291_023
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