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R. Robinson, Early Mādhyamika in India and China (1967) [39]

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents a review of R. Robinson's Early Mādhyamika in India and China. By far the largest part of the book deals with the reception of Mādhyamika in China in the crucial first decade of the fifth century CE: its propagation by Kumārajīva and its partial digestion by Sengzhao and his fellow-disciple Sengrui at Chang'an, and by the aged master Huiyuan on Lushan in Central China. Only one chapter (pp. 21-70) is devoted to early Indian Mādhyamika. This summary account of the early Indian background and of the basic sources is lucid, systematic and eminently readable, but it contains little that is new. In this, Robinson consistently opposes Walter Liebenthal's opinion that, unlike Nāgārjuna, Sengzhao wishes to establish the reality of a metaphysical entity at a higher level of existence, vaguely identified with the mind of the Sage and the hidden source of the operations of Nature.

Keywords: Early Mādhyamika in India and China; Huiyuan; Kumārajīva; Nāgārjuna; R. Robinson; Sengrui; Sengzhao; Walter Liebenthal



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