Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Introduction

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

In his psychological studies of the effect of religion on altruistic behavior, Ara Norenzayan addresses three questions. The first is whether religious attitudes shape and stimulate prosociality and moral behavior. The answer is yes, probably as a result of the awareness of an omniscient supernatural power. Secondly, do all religions concern themselves with moral behavior? This is indeed true for all organized religions in large-scale societies, but the results are different for small-scale human groups. Norenzayan then asks as third question whether religion is necessary for morality? Vittorio Girotto, Telmo Pievani and Giorgio Vallortigara, crossing their different backgrounds in psychology, evolution, and cognitive ethology, discuss the limits of a functional view of supernatural beliefs according to which these beliefs are adaptations shaped by natural selection for human social life, favoring cooperation and group cohesion. Humans may be predisposed to detect causes, agents, and designs where there are none.

Keywords: altruistic behaviour; Ara Norenzayan; Giorgio Vallortigara; psychological studies; religions; supernaturalpower; Telmo Pievani; Vittorio Girotto

10.1163/9789004263888_017
/content/books/b9789004263888_017
dcterms_subject,pub_keyword
10
5
Loading

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Evolved Morality: The Biology and Philosophy of Human Conscience — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation