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The housing crisis during the years of turmoil

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Chapter Summary

In colonial times class was the main determinant of where people lived, whereas during the Second World War and the War of Independence, ethnic and national identities had a great impact on urban space and housing. The victims of murder, displacement, and expropriation of houses were classified by their ethnic or national background, but the winners in the struggle over housing usually belonged to a more narrowly defined group. The housing crisis that emerged as a consequence of the struggle for independence developed into a permanent crisis after 1949. According to admittedly unconfirmed sources, Bandung had a shortage of 40,000 houses in 1950, and Jakarta 80,000 houses in 1951. Dutch diplomats in Makassar reported that the need for housing in that city was as pressing as everywhere else in Indonesia. The only enduring solution would be the construction of more houses.

Keywords: Bandung; colonial times; Dutch; housing crisis; Indonesia; Jakarta; Makassar; Second World War; urban space



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