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Post-war reconstruction and the recommencement of urban planning

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Chapter Summary

The construction of new houses is, of course, always an important way to provide shelter, but during the housing crisis of the late 1940s the need for new houses was more pressing than ever. The Netherlands Indies government put an enormous effort into reconstruction and development. Reconstruction work started in eastern Indonesia immediately following the Japanese surrender. As a new town, Kebayoran Baru was strictly speaking not a case of reconstruction, but administrative methods applied to realize the project and the aim of lessening the acute housing shortage in Jakarta places this topic firmly in the years of post-war reconstruction. Dutch reconstruction work started almost immediately after the Dutch returned to Indonesia. Dutch efforts to reconstruct Indonesian cities served as a tool in their struggle to combat the independence movement. Large plots of building land for a new town could only be found outside urban limits of built environment.

Keywords: Dutch; independence movement; Kebayoran Baru; Netherlands Indies government; post-war reconstruction



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