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Papias and Apollinarius: Bishops in Hierapolis

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Chapter Summary

Despite his indigenous roots, Papias naturally was open to cultural traditions from far beyond the Lycus Valley; as an example, the authors cite one of the longest text fragments from his literary works, preserved in a commentary on Matthew by Apollinarius of Laodicea, itself fragmentary. Papias was familiar with the gospels of both Mark and Matthew; he also drew occasionally on other written traditions that laterwere included in the canon of the New Testament: 1John and 1Peter, the Apocalypse of John, and perhaps others. Eusebius points out that Papias related the story of a sinful woman that also appears in the Gospel according to the Hebrews. In Hierapolis two alphabetic oracles have been discovered, one, very fragmented, built into the Martyrium of Philip, the other, preserved almost complete, on a former statue pedestal that was reused in the foundation of the temple of Apollo.

Keywords: apocalypse of John; Apollinarius of Laodicea; cultural traditions; Hierapolis; Lycus Valley; Papias



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