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8 Non-Septuagintal Hebraisms in the Third Gospel: An Inconvenient Truth

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Chapter Summary

This chapter demonstrates that in Luke's Gospel there are numerous non-Septuagintal Hebraisms that have been overlooked. Even more perplexing for H. F. D. Sparks was the recognition that Matthew and Mark contain Semitisms that can be explained by either Aramaic or Hebrew, while Luke presents Semitisms that can be only Hebrew. Writing prior to the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls and other inscriptional evidence that demonstrates the first-century use of Hebrew, Sparks presumed that if the Evangelist had drawn from a Semitic source, it could only have been Aramaic. Therefore, since "hardly any of St. Luke's Semitisms are demonstrably derivable from Aramaic", he concluded the only explanation for the Hebraisms in the Third Gospel was the Evangelist's intentional biblicizing style. The chapter presents ten examples of non-Septuagintal Hebraisms, which point towards a non-canonical Hebraized source for Luke's Gospel.

Keywords: Aramaic; H. F. D. Sparks; Hebrew; Luke; non-Septuagintal Hebraisms; Third Gospel

10.1163/9789004264410_010
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