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9 Hebrew-Only Exegesis: A Philological Approach to Jesus’ Use of the Hebrew Bible

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the interpretive techniques demonstrated in five Synoptic pericopae and the manner in which they reflect the first-century C.E. linguistic milieu. In part, the impetus for such a study is because the Synoptic Gospels are a distinct source for Jewish methods of exegesis in late antiquity. Scholarly focus of late has been on comparisons between Qumranic exegesis and the interpretive style preserved in the Gospels, though more recent trends indicate that attention is now turning to Rabbinic exegesis and the Gospels. The five Synoptic narratives that examined in the chapter are, "Jesus' Preaching in the Nazareth Synagogue" (Luke 4:18-19), "Jesus' Witness Concerning John" (Luke 7:27; Matt 11:10), "And You Shall Love" (Luke 10:25-37), "The Cleansing of the Temple" (Luke 19:45-46; Mark 11:11-17; Matt 21:12-13), "Jesus and Caiaphas" (Luke 22:66-71), preserve rabbinic exegetical techniques that appear for the first time in written record.

Keywords: Hebrew Bible; Jesus; Jewish; Rabbinic exegesis; Synoptic Gospels



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