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The Northern Invasion

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Chapter Summary

The beginning of British domination of the Mediterranean and the eastern Atlantic is what Braudel has called the "Northern Invasion". The strategy for excluding North Africans from the growing maritime trade was already being discussed a few months after the Restoration of Charles II to the British throne. Algiers was the strongest naval power in North Africa. But it had few natural resources which forced it to rely more heavily than the other regencies on revenues generated by pirates. Algerian cooperation with London brought upon it the wrath of Paris. In her study of French captives in North Africa, Gillian Weiss argued that the attacks on North Africa gave direction to French commercial and anti-British strategies, but from the eighteenth century on, the goal shifted from fighting to end captivity to making colonies in a kind of French "liberatory conquest".

Keywords: anti-British strategies; Braudel; British domination; eastern Atlantic; French captives; French liberatory conquest; Gillian Weiss; North Africa; Northern Invasion



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