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Father of the Fathers, Mother of the Mothers. God as Father (and Mother) in Ancient Egypt

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Chapter Summary

Within the context of divine parenthood, different concepts can be discerned: a creator deity as caring father or mother of the universe with all its gods and humans, deities as parents of the king, deities as parents of divinized human beings and deities as parents of other deities. This chapter treats the aspects relevant to humans, considers parenthood of gods towards other gods as a mythological element as it is relevant for the relationship of gods and humans in one way or the other. Several different deities were credited by the Egyptians with being the creator. Most commonly, the sun god in his form as Re or Atum is the creator and first god. The king as son of the gods as an important part of the royal ideology is well-known in Egyptology. With this also, comparisons with the Christian concept of Jesus as son of god have been drawn.

Keywords: ancient Egypt; deities; divine parenthood; sun god



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