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God as Father in the Pentateuchal Targumim

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Chapter Summary

This chapter analyses the information on God as Father which the Targumim of the Pentateuch provide, and compares and contrasts it with information from other Jewish sources. It concentrates on the Pentateuchal Targumim because of their obvious centrality in relation to the Aramaic versions of the other biblical books, the Torah of Moses standing supreme at the head of both the Hebrew Bible and its derivative versions. The chapter provides a brief, but complete list of those verses in the Pentateuchal Targumim which call God "Father", and indicate the distribution of those verses among the several Aramaic translations. Exodus yields five verses where Targum speaks of God as father. Some of these Targumic verses have certain themes and verbal formulae in common; and these common traits permit a rough and ready classification of the information which the verses present.

Keywords: Exodus; God; Hebrew Bible; Jewish sources; Pentateuchal Targumim



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