Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Divine Father of the Universe from the Presocratics to Celsus: The Graeco-Roman Background to the “Father of All” in Paul’s Letter to the Ephesians

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

This chapter sketches the emergence of the term "Father of all" from Homer onwards, and then focuses on its appropriation and development by the Greek philosophers up to the second century C.E. It examines how Jews of the Graeco-Roman period adopted this terminology, comparing the use of the term by Philo of Alexandria and the author of Ephesians. The chapter concludes with reflections on the debate between Christians and pagan philosophers about the status of the "Father of all", as revealed in the polemics between Origen and Celsus. It comments on Celsus' critical remarks and on their rebuttal by Origen in his Contra Celsum. It seems that this controversy between Celsus and Origen centred on two issues: the question of whether God can easily be known as the Father of all or is nameless and indescribable; and the question of how this supreme God relates to the other gods.

Keywords: Celsus; Christians philosophers; Ephesians; Graeco-Roman period; Greek philosophers; Jews; Origen; pagan philosophers



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    The Divine Father — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation