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10. New Rivals

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Chapter Summary

Police services generally like to have a monopoly on policing. So what effect would the Occupation of Marseille have on the Police? The arrival of the Germans in the Southern zone had brought with it new rivals in the Police domain. Links between the Police and extreme right-wing para-Police organisations could also have a more institutionalised nature. The Section des Affaires Politiques (SAP), established within the framework of the Police de Sûreté in June 1942, was a prime example of such links between Police and Milice. The vast majority of Police officers involved in parallel Police movements had left or been expelled from the force before joining the parallel organisation. Parallel Police organisations could provide opportunities to make use of techniques and information gathered during a Police career, whilst ensuring the ex-Police officer immunity from the STO and poverty.

Keywords: Marseille; Milice; policing; poverty; rivals; Southern zone



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