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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses that Padua's four Jewish cemeteries delineate the chronological boundaries of our period, the first one opening in 1529 and the last one closing in 1862. Tombstone architecture had moved in a natural development from Renaissance to Baroque in the early to mid-seventeenth century, before deteriorating in the eighteenth century to the simple lunette with little to no adornment. Abruptly, in the last generation, the Neoclassical and Egyptianizing trends sweeping Europe transformed the Jewish tombstone, upending existing patterns to a degree no less radical than the revolution in inscriptions. All the major periods of inscription and tombstone design parallel the progress of the city's Jewish cemeteries. The chapter concludes that the proposed hypothesis regarding the norms of Jewish burial should also be true for Jews in other lands, near and far, in the Middle Ages and early modern era.

Keywords: Egyptianizing trends; Jewish cemeteries; Neoclassical trends; tombstone architecture



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