Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Theoretical Considerations and Historical Context

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

The study of emigration of Jews from Arab countries to Israel has largely been motivated by sectarianism and political partisanship. Correspondingly, individual migrants are treated as homogenous rational actors responding to economic disparities. According to network theories, social links connect migrants with previous migrants and their social networks in receiving areas. The early migrants relied on traditional Jewish/religious trust networks to connect them with foreign Jews. The middle of the nineteenth century is referred to in Yemeni history as ayyām al-fasād, or the time of corruption. The dung-gatherers decree, which may have been in place as early as 1788, made the Jewish community of Sanaa responsible for cleaning up dung heaps and sewage from the streets of the city. Ottoman-edicts, like the stretcher-bearers decree, forced Jews to violate their religious law, causing even further disillusionment. This is confirmed by a report printed in the Russian paper Yarusski Yevrei (Russian Jews).

Keywords: Arab countries; ayyām al-fasād; dung-gatherers decree; Israel; Jews; migration theory; network theories; stretcher-bearers decree; Yemeni history



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Jewish-Muslim Relations and Migration from Yemen to Palestine in the Late Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation