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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides concluding remarks for the book, which has examined Yemeni Jewish emigration to the Ottoman Sanjak of Jerusalem, Palestine, and Israel successively, beginning in the late nineteenth century and concluding in 1950. The two major narratives on Middle Eastern Jewish emigration portray it as either the result of Zionist sympathy or Zionist coercion. In fact, Yemeni Jewish emigration resulted from economic, social, and political changes in South West Arabia that had little to do with events in Palestine. The Jewish community expected the Ottoman government to implement the Tanzimat reforms in Yemen, as it had in other Ottoman territories. Historically, there had been a slow but regular stream of visitors from Jerusalem and other cities in "the Land of Israel" to Yemen. The timing, motivating factors, and developments of Libyan and Yemeni Jewish emigrations were substantially different and must be understood individually.

Keywords: Israel; Jerusalem; Jewish community; Ottoman Sanjak; Palestine; South West Arabia; Yemeni Jewish



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