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Open Access The Making of Middle Indonesia (1962–1965)

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The Making of Middle Indonesia (1962–1965)

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Chapter Summary

This chapter talks about the growing reaction among privileged parts of the community - rural landlords and ex-rajas in the countryside, and in the town religious conservatives who voiced bureaucratic concerns. As the optimistic cross-class coalitions that had underlain the political work of earlier years began to break down, embryonic rival coalitions formed along class lines. The best resourced of these broad coalitions ultimately came out on top. This became the new establishment in town, the core of what one has called Middle Indonesia. The interactions between national and local interests in this key moment of Indonesia's history were complex and dynamic. The chapter adopts a contentious politics approach that attempts to do justice to both. At the national level, polarization had produced two big power blocs, a 'red', mobilizational, broadly progressive one around the president and the PKI, and a 'green', reactionary one around the military and religious parties.

Keywords: Middle Indonesia; politics approach; rival coalitions



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