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Open Access Consolidating Middle Indonesia (1966–1986)

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Consolidating Middle Indonesia (1966–1986)

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Chapter Summary

By the mid-1970s the New Order was established in Jakarta. The commander of the armed forces was the president. The chunky designed Toyota Kijang motorcar appeared in 1977 and quickly came to symbolize middle class prosperity, also in provincial towns like Kupang. This chapter describes the consolidation phase in the provinces. It then reviews the main lines of the argument that been making about the process by which Middle Indonesia was made. Consolidation in the first place entailed neutering collective antagonists. Most to be feared for their numbers and their unpredictability were the rural and urban poor. Consolidation required strengthening internal ranks by rewarding loyalists. The chapter deals with external action against the poor and against the Chinese, and internal action in favour of loyalists. Religion played a central role in the efforts by the quintessentially petty bourgeois provincial New Order to subjugate the rural poor in NTT as well.

Keywords: armed forces; consolidation phase; Middle Indonesia; New Order

10.1163/9789004265424_012
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