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Post-war Antisemitism: Germany’s Foreign Policy Toward Egypt

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on two questions. The first question concerns whether German foreign policy sent signals to the Arab world that were understood as support for Arab hostility toward Israel. The most important examples of this are Germany's refusal to establish diplomatic relations with Israel until 1965 and the support provided to Egypt's military and arms industry by German experts. The second question concerns whether there was a transfer of ideas from the Nazi era to the post-war period. In this context, the chapter examines perceptions of Zionism and how decisions that helped to delegitimize the Jewish state were connected to the Nazi heritage. It also touches on the issue of the German political elite's relationship with its Nazi past. Germany's main aim in foreign policy was to be integrated economically and strategically in the Western alliance. Anti-Semitism in the Arab states was not criticized by German diplomats.

Keywords: anti-Semitism; Arab; Egypt; German foreign policy; Nazi era; Western alliance; Zionism



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