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Review of cellular and subcellular changes in cambium

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Chapter Summary

The commonest approach to studying cambial productivity is conventional light microscopy, which is widely used in wood formation studies. Cambial activity ensures the perennial life of trees through regular renewal of functional xylem and phloem. This chapter highlights the latest findings on structural modifications in cambium that are related to its seasonal activity and cell production. It exemplifies them by the most recent observations on seasonal cellular and ultrastructural changes in cambium and phenological variation in cambial productivity carried out in Fagus sylvatica growing under different weather conditions. The chapter emphasises the differences in observations at the cellular and ultrastructural level in order to suggest a suitable terminology for determining the onset of cambial activity at different observational levels. Examination of cambial tissue using different microscopic levels revealed that different criteria are used to define the onset of cambial reactivation.

Keywords: cambium; Fagus sylvatica; microscopy; phloem; xylem



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