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10. Sennacherib’s Campaign and its Reception in the Time of the Second Temple

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Chapter Summary

During the Second Temple Period, Sennacheribs' Campaign to Judah has been interpreted in such writings as Ahiqar Col. I:1-10; Tobit 1:15-22; Demetrius the Chronographer, Fragment 6; 2 Baruch 63:1-11; 4 Ezra 7:40; Testament of Adam 4:6; 3 Maccabees 6:1-15, as well as Herodotus' Histories 2.141. This chapter explains presence or absence of Sennacherib and his campaign in the Qumran Scrolls, Philo, and Josephus. It observes that Ahiqar offers a rather neutral image of Sennacherib as king. The reason to include Ahiqar is because of its relation with Tobit. As a non-biblical source that survived in the periphery of the biblical books, Ahiqar offers a very early glimpse into the development of the reception of one aspect of the campaign of Sennacherib against Judah. The apocryphal story of Tobit was written in Aramaic in the early second century B.C.E., as it pre-supposes a canonical authority of the Law and the Prophets.

Keywords: Ahiqar; Baruch; Demetrius; Ezra; Herodotus' Histories; Maccabees; Second Temple Period; Sennacheribs' Campaign; Testament of Adam; Tobit



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