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Chapter Five: Settlement Patterns in the Southern Jordan Valley and the Desert Fringes of Samaria in the Chalcolithic Period

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents the settlement patterns of the region in Chalcolithic period. Seventy-four sites from the Chalcolithic period were discovered in the study region. Forty of them with a medium or higher level of probability are analyzed in the chapter. The most common among them was the settlement site, which is divided into four area-dependent sub-categories. Twelve open sites, six enclosures, two work sites, and one cave site were also discovered. The open sites were rare. The work sites and enclosures were even less frequent. The cave sites, and burial sites, are missing from the types of sites that have a medium or higher level of probability in the Chalcolithic period. The proximity to sources of water is accepted as one of the main considerations in settlement, and the purpose of the chapter is to check the tendency of sites to be located near a source of water.

Keywords: cave site; Chalcolithic period; open sites; settlement patterns; work sites



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