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Chapter Six: Settlement Patterns in the Southern Jordan Valley and the Desert Fringes of Samaria in the Early Bronze I Period

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Chapter Summary

Eighty-two sites attributed to the Early Bronze Age I (EB I) were discovered in the study area. This chapter discusses forty-five of them, which were identified as having higher level of probability. Seven types of sites from the EB I were discovered in the study area: unfortified, open, burial, enclosures, fortified, caves, and a cultic site. Seven burial sites were identified, and one that was probably used for cultic purposes - el-Khellaiyel. Burial sites are known to exist in the southern Beth Shean Valley - Qa'un, Wadi Far'ah - Maqbarat en-Nuseriyyeh, el-Maqbarah, el-Maqaber, Aqrabaniyeh, and Jelamet el-Ahmar, and on the slopes of the Samarian hills - Tana Cave. The rest of the sites had been extensively plundered, and the finds were collected from the entrances to the tombs. The burial site at Qa'un was used by the residents of Tel Qa'un and Khirbat Qa'un in the EB I and later.

Keywords: burial site; caves site; Early Bronze Age I; enclosures site; fortified site; open site; Samaria; unfortified site; unique cultic site



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