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Chapter Nine: 'Ein Hilu: A Chalcolithic Site on the Desert Fringes of Samaria

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Chapter Summary

The site of &s;Ein Hilu is located on a hill slope overlooking the Wadi Malih fault, east of the modern Tubas-Mehula-Beqa'ot Junction, and west of the convergence of the desert fringes of Samaria and the Jordan Valley. This chapter includes a short report of the flint artifacts and tools of &s;Ein Hilu, including the assemblage of the surface finds of the Manasseh Hill Country Survey, the finds from the excavation, some additional test squares, and surface collection conducted at the site prior to the excavation. During proto-historic periods, the toolkit included tools mainly for handicraft, food processing, agricultural, ad hoc and special purposes; hence the tool groups were divided accordingly. With the onset of the Metal Ages, the share of tools needing percussion, such as flint axes and chisels, declined gradually, while the share of tools used for cutting, such as sickle blades, increased accordingly.

Keywords: &s;Ein Hilu; desert fringes; flint artifacts; Jordan Valley; Manasseh Hill Country Survey; Metal Ages; Samaria; toolkit

10.1163/9789004265646_011
/content/books/b9789004265646s011
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