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Name, Origin, Call

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Chapter Summary

Andrew, Greek form being Andréas, is entirely a Greek name in origin, found as early as Herodotos. That Andrew, like his brother Simon, and like his fellow-disciples, Simon the Zealot and Philip, had Greek names, shows the deep influence of Greek culture even upon simple Galilean fishermen. Matthew 16: 18 presents Jesus as calling Simon Peter "Simon Baryōnā". The older writers interpreted this as Bar-Yōnā, i.e., Son of Jonah. The parentage of Andrew is, in any event unknown; however, his call to discipleship, Mark 1: 16-18, teIls how Jesus passing by the Sea of Galilee, saw Simon and Andrew, Simon's brother, casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen. Mark 3: 16-19, of course, gives a list of the Twelve including Andrew, too. Yet Mark in two other episodes mentions Andrew by name, while Matthew and Luke in their retelling of both stories omit Andrew entirely.

Keywords: Andrew; Galilean fishermen; Jesus; Luke; Mark; Matthew 16: 18; Simon Baryōnā; Simon Peter

10.1163/9789004265790_002
/content/books/b9789004265790s002
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