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The Fourth Gospel

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Chapter Summary

In the Gospel attributed to John, Andrew is presented as a personality who can be quoted, described, and consulted in his own right. The contrast between Mark and John is striking. Andrew and Peter are no longer fishermen by the northwest Galilean shore, but disciples of John at Bethany on the eastern side of the Jordan. Where before Jesus had called himself to Andrew and Simon to become his disciples, now the Baptist identifies Jesus to Andrew and an unknown fellow-disciple of the Baptist. The Baryōnā became a son of John. Of more importance is the story of the Greeks' coming to Jesus (John 12: 20-34), for Andrew now appears in a position of authority. In the Fourth Gospel, Andrew is placed in a position of leadership. From the Johannine version of the Call, the Byzantine Church found its tide Prōtòklētos, the First-Called, to give their hero, St. Andrew.

Keywords: Prōtòklētos; Andrew; Baptist; Baryōnā; Fourth Gospel; Jesus; John; Simon Peter

10.1163/9789004265790_003
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