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Date and origin of the original acts of Andrew

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Chapter Summary

Lipsius developed a threefold analysis of the sources which placed the Acts of Andrew (AA) in the fourth of fifth centuries. The activity of the Apostle Andrew in Scythia was universally accepted in East and West, and indeed, even before any real mention of the Achaian Mission. More recent investigations show that the Acts of Andrew deal in its earliest form with the Achaian Mission and the Passion of the Apostle in Patrae and, moreover, that the theological viewpoint was Gnostic-Docetic and not in any way catholic. If, the dating of Peter is to be accepted as 180-190, then, it follows that the Acts of Andrew (AA) were somewhat later, perhaps 190-200. Lipsius' thesis that the Acts of Andrew and Matthias (AM) and Acts of Peter and Andrew (PA) were gnostic is, as Flamion showed, incorrect; Flamion's thesis that the Acts of Andrew (AA) were non-Gnostic, however, is equally incorrect.

Keywords: Achaian mission; acts of Andrew (AA); Acts of Andrew and Matthias (AM); Acts of Peter and Andrew (PA); Flamion; Gnostic theology; Lipsius; Patrae



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