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Variations of the acts of Andrew and Matthias

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Chapter Summary

In the Latin versions of the Acts of Andrew and Matthias (AM), the silence of the Greek original on the location of the City of the Cannibals was removed and the scene definitely located at Myrmēkiōn in the Crimea. The Syriac version, in an obviously added conclusion, said the Cannibals were in 'Irqȃ. The Arabic texts make no attempt at identification of the City of the Cannibals, but do give an entirely new version of Andrew's martyrdom. This story is also found in the Ethiopic cycle of legends. Acts of Peter and Andrew (PA) introduces not only monasticism in a recognizable form to the Andrew cycle, but also brings Alexander and Rufus from Mark 15: 21 to assist the Apostles. This motif is carried out also in the Preaching of Andrew and Philemon (APh), which is the immediate sequel to the Peter and Andrew story.

Keywords: acts of Andrew and Matthias (AM); acts of Peter and Andrew (PA); Andrew's martyrdom; Cannibal city; Crimea; monasticism; Myrmēkiōn; preaching of Andrew and Philemon (APh); Rufus



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