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The Genealogy of the Andrew Legends

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Chapter Summary

Most of the legends about the Apostles are dependent, one upon the other, to such an extent that a general rule can be postulated. This chapter gives a diagrammatic description of the development of the Andrew Legends. It notes that the forgeries of Pseudo-Epiphanios and Pseudo-Dorotheos find no reflexion in the West at all in the Middle Ages. The Egyptian cycle made no impression on the Latin or Greek stories, although the reference to the Dog's Head seems to have impressed the Syrian Dionysius Bar-Salibi. The Acts of Andrew and Matthias (AM) and the Martyrdom of Andrew, however, greatly influenced all the literatures. The wholly anti-Gnostic West preserved the outline of the whole of the Gnostic AA in Gregory. Byzantium, except for the Epiphanian forgery, contributed no cycle of legends to Andrew's fame, as did the Egyptians.

Keywords: acts of Andrew and Matthias (AM); Andrew legend; anti-Gnostic West; Byzantium; Dorotheos; Epiphanian forgery; Gregory; Latin tradition; Syrian Dionysius Bar-Salibi



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