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Andrew in christian art

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Chapter Summary

John's picture of Andrew and Philip in the Feeding of the Five Thousand is the scene for the first representation of Andrew in Christian Art. The Call of Andrew, again following the Gospel of John, was another theme imported into the West from the East. The theme of Andrew's crucifixion comes, obviously, not from the Gospels, but from the Apocryphal Acts of Andrew. The oldest surviving representations of Andrew's crucifixion are Byzantine miniatures in ninth-century manuscripts. In Rome, Guido Reni and Domenchino used Pseudo-Abdias's Apostolic History (itself a combination of Gregory' s book and the Passio) to paint a series on Andrew's crucifixion. Domenchino in the Church of St. Andrea della Valle, also in Rome, shows John the Baptist pointing out Jesus to Andrew, Jesus calling Andrew, the executioners torturing Andrew, Andrew's worshipping the cross, and, finally, Andrew being carried to Heaven by angels.

Keywords: Andrew's crucifixion; Apostolic History; Byzantine miniature; Christian art; Domenchino; gospel of John; Guido Reni; Jesus



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