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Das Thomasevangelium Und Das Alte Testament

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses that the author of the Gospel of Thomas and his sources have used the Old Testament and accepted as scripture because they do not belong to Gnostics but Encratites, or a Jewish Christian had just, and that in the first case the Septuagint, in the second case the Hebrew Bible. The author considered the Gospel of Thomas xova ^ o ^ as the true Christians. In other sayings of encratite source an exegesis of the Genesis story is given: the man lived once without shame in paradise (logion 37); And after he had eaten of the tree of knowledge, he has lost his original unity and completeness. The Tree of Knowledge is a symbol of sexual union and therefore has bitter fruits. The original text of the chapter is in German.

Keywords: Gospel of Thomas; Gnostics; Hebrew Bible; Jewish Christian;Old Testament

10.1163/9789004265837_022
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