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Chapter Seven: The Last Supper

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Chapter Summary

Luke drew on Mk. I0 42b-44 for vv. 25 f., and composed v. 24 as an introduction. This chapter argues that Luke and John both drew on pre-Marcan, probably historically accurate oral tradition for the order of events at the last supper, from which oral tradition Luke derived his knowledge of the footwashing. It discusses that John both for the wording and structure of his pericope of the prophecy of Peter's denial drew on the third gospel-at a point where Luke is independent of Mark. John makes use of one element of this Lucan passage elsewhere in his last supper account. Finally, the extensive correspondence between the Lucan passage and Jn. 21. 25-18 is demonstrable, whereby it devolves that Lk. 21. 31 f. is a variant of the Jn. 21. 15-18 tradition, belonging like it in a post-resurrection context.

Keywords: footwashing; John; Last Supper; Lucan passage; Luke; oral tradition; pre-Marcan

10.1163/9789004265844_008
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