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The heavenly philosophy of the Synagogue and the Encyclia

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Chapter Summary

An adequate approach to Philo's ideas must be based on his exegesis of the Old Testament which presents itself in different passages and patterns. Mut. 253-263 and Leg. all. III 162-168 are examined along these lines, drawing upon other parts of Philo's works only insofar they can throw light upon aspects of these homilies. The homily as a whole indicates clearly that they are ideas which characterize philosophy in contrast to the encyclical education. Thus, by replacing words for manna with the terms "virtue" and "wisdom", Philo has interpreted Ex. 16,4 and fragments from the haggadah on bread from heaven and earth within the context of the conflict between philosophy and encyclical education. The idea of the vision in Mut. 253-263 is, then, determined both by Greek educational ideas and the actual study of the Jewish philosophy in the synagogues on the Sabbath.

Keywords: encyclical education; Jewish philosophy; Jewish synagogues; Old Testament; Philo's ideas

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