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Chapter Summary

This is the introductory chapter of the book, which investigates to clarify the way in which the motifs represented by the two terms "prophet" and "king" in the Fourth Gospel not only are interrelated, but interpret each other. The investigation permits some deductions about the Johannine Christology and about the Christian community that described Jesus as "the Prophet" and "the King of Israel". Since this investigation involves not only detailed analysis of passages within the Fourth Gospel but also a wide-ranging survey of extra-biblical sources, it is necessary at the beginning to recognize that not all scholars agree as to the necessity, or even the relevance, of such comparative studies for the task of New Testament (NT) exegesis. In the NT, Ferdinand Hahn finds the Elijah typology applied very early to John the Baptist, probably already by the baptist sects themselves.

Keywords: Christian community; Elijah typology; Ferdinand Hahn; Jesus; Johannine Christology; John; New Testament (NT)



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