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Chapter Summary

Macarius become the great saint of Pietism and has indirect importance for today's world. Subjectivity and interiority, which have maintained Pietism and are found in Macarius, are used to set individualism for the modern concept of personality. Macarius specified as the author of these homilies is identical to the Egyptian desert father Macarius. In our days, it has been found that these writings are related to the Syrian sect of Messalians (prayer) from the 4th century. Macarius is a heretic and profoundly influences the orthodoxy in their spirituality. Werner Jaeger has discovered the complete version of the treatise De Instituto Christiano by Gregory of Nyssa. This representation of the object and purpose of monasticism is compared with the unpublished letter of Macarius the Great, to partially show verbal agreements with Gregory versions. The original text of the chapter is in German.

Keywords: De Instituto Christiano; Gregory of Nyssa; homilies; Macarius; monasticism; Pietism; Syrian sect of Messalians; Werner Jaeger



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