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Das thomasevangelium und die gnosis

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Chapter Summary

The gospel of Thomas is considered as a Gnostic writing, which is explained with Gnostic parallels. The Robert M. Grant has done: the gospel of Thomas belongs to naassene gnosis according to him. The naassenic-gnostic author had used no extra-canonical tradition, but only the canonical gospels. He had perverted the religious realities of the church. It is important to distinguish the encratism from gnosticism. The encratism is a Christian movement which actually only be deviated from Catholicism that prescribed celibacy for all Christians, while the church is only preferred. The encratic source of the gospel of Thomas proves that the existence of the doublets, is identical with the gospel of the Egyptians. The theme of self-knowledge Christians have inherited from the Greeks. The original text of the chapter is in German.

Keywords: encratism; gnostic parallels; gnostic writing; gospel of Egyptians; gospel of Thomas; Greeks

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