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Chapter One: Examination of the Text-Form

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Chapter Summary

The formal quotations in Mk are almost purely Septuagintal often slavishly so, and even against the Hebrew text. In strongest contrast with the almost purely Septuagintal character of the formal quotations in Mt and Mk, the allusive quotations present almost all possible permutations of text-forms, and these often within single quotations. The only formal quotations common to Mt and Lk and absent in Mk occur in the Temptation narrative. Two are Septuagintal, but whether or not the remaining two are so depends largely on the evaluation of variant readings in the NT and OT texts. In the allusive quotations common to Mt and Lk one finds the same mixed text-form, Septuagintal, Hebrew, and Targumic, that was prominent in the allusive quotations common to Mt and Mk. The formal quotations peculiar to Mt, consisting mainly of the formula-citations, have always been noted for their divergence from the LXX.

Keywords: allusive quotation; Hebrew text; Luke (Lk); LXX; Mark (Mk); Matthew (Mt); New Testament (NT); Old Testament (OT); Septuagintal text; Temptation narrative

10.1163/9789004265950_003
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