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Chapter Two: Explanation of the Text-Form

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Chapter Summary

Various hypotheses about the origin of Mt and the quotations in Mt have been advanced. The redactional theories fail to recognize the large non-Septuagintal element in the allusive quotations throughout the synoptic tradition. Where Mt-Greek differs from the LXX, Torrey reconstructs Mt-Hebrew according to Mt-Greek and exultingly proclaims that the Greek translator of Mt translated exactly. G. D. Kilpatrick advocates the view that the documentary source-material for Mt, Mk, Q, and M had been read liturgically and expounded homiletically until it gained a certain stereotyped form, which was written down as the first gospel for further liturgical use. Rejecting Stendahl's theory of a local "school", Lindars proposes that the text-form of Mt's formula-citations is due to successive reworkings of the OT texts in the church at large. A very popular hypothesis has been that the New Testament (NT) writers utilized a "Testimony Book", i.e., a catena of OT proof-texts.

Keywords: LXX; metrical Hebrew; Mt-Greek; New Testament (NT); non-Septuagintal element; Old Testament (OT); redactional theory; Stendahl's theory

10.1163/9789004265950_004
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