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Chapter Four: The Problem of Legitimacy

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Chapter Summary

Both Qumran hermeneutics and rabbinical hermeneutics are supremely oblivious to contextual exegesis whenever they wish. The major question is whether the hermeneutical principles upon which Mt worked display the same atomization of the Old Testament (OT) text. C. H. Dodd's study, According to the Scriptures, constitutes an initial consideration against an affirmative answer to the question. Having established a unity of OT interpretation between Mt and Jesus, this chapter probes further into the question of legitimacy. It attempts to indicate avenues of thought which lead to the conclusion that Jesus' and Mt's use of the OT should not offend the best in modern OT scholarship. The chapter discusses the question whether Jesus' and Mt's use of the OT is legitimate. For if the Messianic hope is to be seen in pre-exilic OT passages, there is no a priori objection to New Testament (NT) interpretation of pre-exilic passages as directly Messianic.

Keywords: C. H. Dodd; Jesus; legitimacy; Matthaean hermeneutics; Messianic hope; modern Old Testament (OT) scholarship; New Testament (NT) interpretation; Qumran hermeneutics; rabbinical hermeneutics

10.1163/9789004265950_006
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