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Chapter Two: Archeological Material

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Chapter Summary

Josephus gives clear indications that the Jews were to be found everywhere in the world of that time. "There is not person in the world which does not contain a portion of our race". He states that regarding the Jews in Babylonia, the money contributed by them was collected in a couple of towns, Nisibis and Nehardea, whence it was transported to Jerusalem by a guard of thousands of Jews, for fear that such a great treasure would be raided by the Parthians. Many more of these Jews of the diaspora came to Jerusalem as pilgrims to the holy city to celebrate certain festivals, particularly at Passover. In the first century of the Christian era, the Jewish land was an island in a sea of Hellenistic powers. It is even questionable whether it had not at times been inundated by these powers.

Keywords: Babylonia; Christian era; Hellenistic powers; Jerusalem; Jews; Josephus; Parthians



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