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Egypt

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Chapter Summary

Westcott and Hort knew only one text in Egypt: the Alexandrian Text. Witnesses to this text were, for example, the manuscripts C and L and authors like Origen. Lake showed that the existence of a Western Text was not only proved by the quotations in Clement but also by the text of the Sahidic version. For this reason he came to the conclusion that Westcott and Hort underestimated the great antiquity of the Western Text. According to Lake, evidence shows that the Western Text "existed in the earliest times of which we have any certain knowledge-both in Syriac, Latin, and Greek speaking circles; in the East, in Africa, in Italy, and in Gaul". Lake stated that "the Neutral text in Alexandria began at some date between Clement and Origen". And his final conclusion was that "the B text is merely an early form of the Alexandrian text".

Keywords: Alexandrian Text; Clement; Egypt; Lake; Origen

10.1163/9789004265981_004
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