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La Priorité De Marc Et De Matthieu

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Chapter Summary

The absolute priority of Mark, known usually under the title of the hypothesis of both sources, guards even today the favor of majority of the exegetes. B.H. Streeter, in his book on the synoptic problem, given in Chapter VII, entitled, "The fundamental solution" five arguments to accept the priority of Mark, according to which one considers: the content, vocabulary, ordinance, primitive character of the Mark and the distribution of Marcien and non-Marcien materials in Matthew and Luke. All those who recently posed the hypothesis of the priority of Matthew see the solution of synoptic problem in limitations of direct dependence. To explain the synoptic fact, B.C. Butler establishes the following genealogy: Matthew-Mark-Luke. This chapter comprises question how W.R. Farmer solves the problem, because its theory supposes a crossing of influence at the level of current Gospels. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: fundamental solution; Mark's priority; Matthew's priority; synoptic fact; synoptic problem



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