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John XIV 22 and the name Judas Thomas

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Chapter Summary

In order to explain the readings in Old Syriac versions commentators refer to a tradition that can be found in the Acts of Thomas, which seems either to identify Judas with Apostle Thomas or possibly refers to Judas, the brother of the Lord, as twin of Jesus. This chapter deals with the relationship between the variants in sys and syc. It considers the name of the apostle in Acts of Thomas since it is to that work that commentators refer to explain variant readings. In the various lists of the apostles in the New Testament we find the name Θωμᾶς. In John iv 25 words ὁ λεγόμενος have been used to render a Greek translation of an Aramaic word. Thus we may draw the conclusion that the author of the fourth Gospel is trying to show his Greek readers that the word "thomas" has to be understood as epithet "twin".

Keywords: Acts of Thomas; Apostle Thomas; fourth Gospel; Greek translation; John; Judas; New Testament



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