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Phonology

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Chapter Summary

This chapter describes the distribution of the consonants in Koine Greek by distinguishing between three positions: medial position: in the middle of the word, preceded and followed by a vowel; initial position: at the beginning of the word, followed by a vowel; final position: at the end of the word, preceded by a vowel. Thee clusters of the consonants always occur in a medial position, consisting as they do of the finally admitted single consonants (-g, -k, -m, -n, -u, -s, -z, -r, -w) combined with the initially occurring single consonants or clusters of two or three consonants. We have seen that the consonants do not occur in all positions nor in any conceivable combination. Each of the seven vowels can be accented or not. The occurrence of the accent in the word is restricted to the last three vowels reckoned from the end.

Keywords: consonants; Koine Greek; phonology; vowels

10.1163/9789004266049_005
/content/books/b9789004266049s005
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