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The Substantive System

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Chapter Summary

The substantive system of Koine-Greek consists of fifteen morphological categories which in their combination are correlated with nine oppositions of a semantic or syntactical character. The description of the differences in valence belongs to syntax, while the categorial values if any would have to be dealt with under morphology, but they can only be determined in the course of thorough investigation of the rather extensive syntactical valences of the case system as a whole. Parallels are furnished by several Galilaean inscriptions in which the Grecized nominative forms of Semitic names are likewise used as indeclinables. Productivity is a difficult matter to deal with, especially so when it can be studied only from utterances of informants who are no longer alive, in other words when the language to be described is "dead". The substantive system of Koine Greek differed not only by its cases from that of contemporary Hebrew or Aramaic.

Keywords: categorial values; Galilaean inscriptions; Koine-Greek; morphology; substantive system; syntactical valences



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