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The Adjective System

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Chapter Summary

The adjective system in its most extensive form comprises nine sets of case-number categories, which are the adjectives in the current sense, and a category which is traditionally called the "adverb", but to which we shall refer by the term "adjectival adverb". The nine sets of case-number categories mentioned constitute as opposed to one another three categories of gender and three categories of comparison. This chapter discusses the different categorial values in the order: case-number, gender, adverb, comparative, and superlative. The values of these categories are identical to those of the corresponding substantive categories, but with an important restriction. The productivity of the feminine categories in general was restricted by the fact that compounds, and adjectives with the prefixes. Adjectives of the positive degree can be explicitly transposed to the substantive and verb systems by special categories.

Keywords: adjective system; adverb; case-number categories; categorial values



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