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The Verb System

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Chapter Summary

The verb system of Non-Attistic Koine Greek consists of at least 323 morphological categories. We consider these categories therefore as unmarked in opposition to the corresponding singulars. The categorial values found in the verb system of Koine Greek differ from one another in the following points, which constitute different relations between the persons and "actions". Two subsystems comprise future indicatives namely the non-perfective futural and the perfective futural sections. The oppositions between the non-perfective subsystems are traditionally called "aspects", especially those between the durative and the aoristic tenses. Present indicative tense can be considered as unmarked as far as the values of time are concerned both as against the imperfect and aorist indicative, and as against the future indicative. A number of periphrastic constructions occur by the side of word categories that were certainly not growing obsolete in first century Koine Greek.

Keywords: aoristic tenses; categorial values; Koine Greek; morphological categories; perfective futural section; present indicative tense; verb system



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