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The Purpose of St. John's Gospel

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Chapter Summary

About 50 years ago the outstanding historian of the ancient church Adolf Harnack said that the origin of St. John's Gospel was the greatest riddle of the primitive church and other scholars of repute expressed the same opinion if with many variations during the decades that followed. In John's Gospel one finds a very remarkable and astonishing use of the double "Amen", for which no explanation is offered. In the Synoptic Gospels "amen" stands in contrast with the Jewish usage at the beginning of a saying of Jesus. In dealing with the portrait of Christ in John it is generally overlooked that Jesus is attacked, because He has ademon. John speaks about the Jews as the opponents of Jesus in such a way that it has often given the impression that he had completely broken with the Jewish people.

Keywords: Adolf Harnack; ancient church; Jesus; Jewish people; St. John's Gospel



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